The presence of disease, injuries and aging occur as a result of malfunctioning, damaged and eventual death of various specialized cells. Research aimed at how this damage occurs, how it can be controlled and subsequently prevented, can provide novel approaches and therapies to treat patients. As such, regenerative medicine aims to restore the normal function of various organ systems by repairing or replacing damaged cells or tissues.

In recent years, remarkable advances have been made within regenerative medicine, sciences, and its applications in technological and health sectors. These advances promise improved methods of disease diagnosis and prevention and the successful treatment thereof. This is achieved by either employing biological mediators which facilitate and enhance natural repair processes, such as Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) or by replacing the damaged cells by harnessing the self-renewal and differentiating properties of stem cells.